MOTHER AND SON CUFFLINK
Caracalla (/ˌkærəˈkælə/ KARR-ə-KAL-ə; born Lucius Septimius Bassianus; 4 April 188 – 8 April 217), formally known as Antoninus (fully: Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus), was Roman emperor from 198 to 217. He was a member of the Severan dynasty, the elder son of Septimius Severusand Julia Domna. Co-ruler with his father from 198, he continued to rule with his brother Geta, emperor from 209, after their father’s death in 211. His brother was murdered by the Praetorian Guard later that year, supposedly under orders from Caracalla himself, who then reigned afterwards as sole ruler of the Roman Empire. Caracalla’s reign featured domestic instability and external invasions by the Germanic peoples.
Julia Domna[a] (c. 160 – 217 AD) was Roman empress consort from 193 to 211. She was born in Emesa (present-day Homs) in Roman Syria to an Arab family of priests of the deity Elagabalus. In 187, she married Libyan-born Septimius Severus, who at the time was governor of the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis. They had two sons, Caracalla and Geta. A civil war over the Roman throne broke out in 193, and shortly afterwards Severus declared himself emperor. The war ended in 197 with the defeat of the last of Severus’s opponents.